Marc Bonner (Ed.)

Game | World | Architectonics
Transdisciplinary Approaches on Structures and Mechanics, Levels and Spaces, Aesthetics and Perception

In its current digital, pictorial and viral ubiquity, architecture no longer has to be bodily present, but has a mediating role. As a medial hinge it folds different disciplines of media and art onto the realm of the everyday. Here, the idea of architectonics can be understood as the architectural implications of computer games in a broader sense to address the matter of architecture in game worlds as well as the architecture of computer games themselves.

This anthology bundles transdisciplinary approaches around the topics of space, architecture, perception of and worldbuilding in computer games and their media-specific properties. The aim is to show how and under which aspects digital game worlds are constituted. The contributions depart from the beaten tracks of media and game studies, focusing on spatial, architectural and world-shaped phenomena within current digital media culture.

Barbara Gerke

Taming the Poisonous
Mercury, Toxicity, and Safety in Tibetan Medical Practice

Heidelberg Studies on Transculturality, Vol. 7

This rich ethnographic and socio-historical account uncovers how toxicity and safety are expressed transculturally in a globalizing world. For the first time, it unpacks the “pharmaceutical nexus” of mercury in Tibetan medicine (Sowa Rigpa) where, since the thirteenth century, it has mainly been used in the form of tsotel. Tsotel, an organometallic mercury sulfide compound, is added in small amounts to specific medicines to enhance the potency of other ingredients. In concordance with tantric Buddhist ideas, Tibetan medical practitioners confront and tame poisonous substances, and instead of avoiding or expelling them, transform them into potent medicines and elixirs.

Recently, the UN Environment Programme’s global ban on mercury, the Minamata Convention, has sparked debates on the use of mercury in Asian medicines. As Asian medical traditions increasingly intersect with biomedical science and technology, what is at stake when Tibetan medical practitioners in India and Nepal, researchers, and regulators negotiate mercury’s toxicity and safety? Who determines what is “toxic” and what is “safe,” and how? What does this mean for the future of traditional Asian medical and pharmaceutical practices?

Matthias Bartelmann

Theoretical Astrophysics
An Introduction

Lecture Notes

Understanding astronomical objects requires knowledge and methods from different branches of theoretical physics: we diagnose these objects mostly by the light we receive; the observed phenomena often have to do with the flow of fluids, sometimes ionised, sometimes magnetised; and the measured velocities reflect dynamics driven by gravitational fields. Courses in theoretical physics lay the foundation in classical and quantum mechanics, electrodynamics, and thermodynamics, but a gap remains between this foundation and its application to astrophysics. These lecture notes build upon the core courses in theoretical physics and provides the methods for understanding astrophysics theoretically.

Clemens Zimmermann, Lutz Klinkhammer (Eds.)

Cinema as a Political Media
Germany and Italy Compared, 1945–1950s

Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 5

Sulla base di un approccio comparato e transnazionale, il volume esamina le rispettive interpretazioni del proprio passato in Germania e in Italia nello specchio della produzione cinematografica tra il 1945 e il 1955, nonché la reciproca ricezione dei film. In 12 contributi gli autori internazionali analizzano trama e narrativa di alcuni importanti film, considerando anche il contesto in cui si svolse allora, nei due paesi, il dibattito sugli orrori e traumi del passato nazionalsocialista e fascista.

This volume’s transnational, comparative approach seeks to open up a fresh perspective on self-interpretations of the past in Germany and Italy with regards to film production and the cinematographic relationship between the two countries, from 1945 to 1955. In the 12 chapters, the international authors analyse both plot and narrative in significant single film productions, as well as the contexts in which the horrors and traumas of their Nazi and Fascist pasts were discussed in both countries.

Radmila Mladenova et al. (Eds.)

Antigypsyism and Film / Antiziganismus und Film

Antiziganism is a common phenomenon on the big screen. To examine this issue from various perspectives, acclaimed scholars and junior researchers, filmmakers and human rights activists, both Roma and non-Roma, gathered in Berlin in 2018 and presented their research output, shared personal testimonies and discussed films at the international conference “Antigypsyism and Film“.

The present bilingual volume is a documentation of the conference proceedings. It contains academic articles and essays as well as interviews with filmmakers grouped in four thematic sections: antigypsyism in film, the question of ethics, strategies of subversion and antigypsyism in comparison to other forms of racism.

Marek Konopka, Angelika Wöllstein, Ekkehard Felder (Eds.)

Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen: Bd. 1 (2020)

Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen (“Building blocks towards a corpus grammar of German”) is a series presenting corpus linguistic studies on German grammar conducted at the Leibniz Institute for the German Language in Mannheim (IDS). Using state-of-the-art corpus linguistic methodology, the series aims to capture the diversity and variability of German grammar at a high resolution. At the same time, it aims to ensure the study results are verifiable. Issue by issue, the series will add “building blocks” for a new, consistently corpus-based grammar of German. In addition to the peer-reviewed texts, which are written in the style of grammar chapters, the series publishes the results of statistical analyses and, for selected topics, the underlying data sets.

Amedeo Osti Guerrazzi (Ed.)

Le udienze di Mussolini durante la Repubblica Sociale Italiana, 1943–1945
2a edizione ampliata e revisionata

Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 3

Presso l’Archivio Centrale dello Stato si conserva il calendario delle udienze tenute da Mussolini durante l’ultimo periodo del fascismo (la Repubblica Sociale Italiana). Il volume lo mette a disposizione degli studiosi per la prima volta e lo arricchisce con i contenuti delle udienze, ricostruiti – ove possibile – attraverso la memorialistica e le carte della Segreteria particolare del Duce.

The calendar of Mussolini’s audiences given towards the end of fascism (the Italian Social Republic) are held at the Central State Archives. The volume, which makes it available to scholars for the first time, is enriched with reconstructions of the conversations, where possible, using memorial literature and records from the Private Secretariat of the Duce.

Stefan Dietrich and Margareta Pavaloi

The von Portheim Foundation in Heidelberg
A Century for Science and the Arts

In 2019, the ›Josefine and Eduard von Portheim Foundation for Science and the Arts‹ celebrated its centenary. The book gives a summary description of the development of the Foundation, its institutes and collections from its establishment until the difficult new start after the Second World War. It is equally the history of today’s Ethnographic Museum vPST which is based on the Foundation’s former Ethnographic Institute. The publication provides information on the life and work of Victor and Leontine Goldschmidt, who established and endowed the Foundation, on its guiding ideas and purpose, and on its misuse under the National Socialist regime. It looks at the scientific work of Victor Goldschmidt, the eminent crystallographer, at his attempts to bridge the gap between sciences and the humanities, and the manifold relations between the Foundation and the University of Heidelberg.

Ute Günkel-Maschek

Minoische Bild-Räume
Neue Untersuchungen zu den Wandbildern des spätbronzezeitlichen Palastes von Knossos

This volume presents a new analysis of the wall paintings discovered over a hundred years ago in one of the most important centres of Minoan culture, the palace at Knossos. Introducing the theoretical concept of Bild-Raum, a relational construct linking pictorial elements with humans, actions and places, the aim is to produce new insights as to the types of rituals, ideas and people which can be related with individual parts of the palace based on the decoration painted on the walls. The images and architecture of three key areas of the palace are studied in broad detail, improving our understanding of performances and people involved and their role within the complex history of the Late Bronze Age palace at Knossos.    

Julia Heinemann

Verwandtsein und Herrschen
Die Königinmutter Catherine de Médicis und ihre Kinder in Briefen, 1560–1589

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 118

Pendant près de trente ans, Catherine de Médicis a été une figure politique centrale de la monarchie française. Son autorité reposait sur sa position de reine mère. L’ouvrage examine ce que la parenté signifiait pour elle et ses descendants; il montre comment les relations de parenté étaient négociées et comment parenté et pouvoir étaient liés dans la pratique. Qu’est-ce qu'une reine mère, une sœur ou un fils royaux? Les lettres que s’écrivaient la mère et les enfants révèlent la parenté comme un répertoire flexible de la pensée et de l'action politiques. À une époque considérée comme celle de l’origine des États modernes, la royauté a ainsi été constamment reconceptualisée et légitimée dans les relations de parenté.

Catherine de Médicis was an important political figure of the French monarchy for over 30 years. Her authority was based on her position as queen mother in relation to her children. This book explores the question of what relatedness actually was for the queen mother and her offspring, how they negotiated kinship relations and how kinship and political power were intertwined. What was a queen mother, a royal son or a royal sister? The letters that the relatives wrote to each other show that kinship formed a flexible repertoire of political thinking and acting. In a period that is considered the beginning of the building of modern states, royal authority was conceptionalized and legitimized by kinship relations.

Karin Seeber

Marie Luise Gotheins "Geschichte der Gartenkunst"
Das Bild des Gartens als Text

Marie Luise Gothein’s „A History of Garden Art“, first published in 1914 and still in print, was immediately recognized as a classic, but has so far never been brought into focus as a seminal work of the discipline. This thesis examines the cultural scientist's intellectual and aesthetic concepts that guided her in her description of garden art. What defining concepts did she have when presenting the ever-changing art work of the garden in text and image? What role does the reform garden movement play, which was in full swing at the time of publication? The analysis of Gothein's descriptions of gardens, such as Villa d'Este, shows how fundamentally historical writing is influenced by the challenges of the time. The volumes reflect an ecocritical human approach to the environment.

German Gardenbook Award 2021 in the category Best book on Garden History.

Eric Burkart

Kreuzzug als Selbstbeschreibung
Burgundische Statuspolitik in den spätmittelalterlichen Traktaten des Jean Germain

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 117

L’histoire des ducs de Valois-Bourgogne (1363–1477) peut conduire, d’un point de vue rétrospectif, à une juxtaposition des éléments modernes et médiévaux de ce règne. C’est en particulier les projets de croisade de Philippe le Bon (1419–1467) qui, devant ce canevas, apparaissent comme l’ultime épanouissement d’une culture médiévale au sens où l’entend Johan Huizinga. Ce qui ne correspond pas tout à fait au récit classique d’un »État bourguignon«. Mais au lieu de voir en Philippe le Bon un don Quichotte du xve siècle ou le précurseur du »dernier chevalier«, Maximilien, cette étude examine ses projets de croisade dans le cadre de sa politique de statut: la volonté ostentatoire de défendre la foi permet à la jeune dynastie de revendiquer un rang plus élevé parmi les princes européens. Pour analyser le discours de croisade bourguignon, l'ouvrage s’appuie sur trois traités de l’évêque Jean Germain († 1461), que ce dernier a écrit en tant que premier chancelier de l’ordre de la Toison d’or. L’étude innove sur le plan méthodologique en combinant une méthode d’analyse séquentielle empruntée à la recherche sociale reconstructive avec une perspective analytique du discours, en l’employant pour examiner le programme texte-images des manuscrits du Moyen Âge tardif.

 

The reign of the Valois Dukes of Burgundy (1363–1477) might, in retrospect, suggest a link between modern and medieval features of their rule, especially with respect to the crusade projects of Philipp the Good (1419–1467). These ambitions may seem like a late blossoming of medieval culture, in line with the arguments of Johan Huizinga, that does not quite fit the historiographical narrative of the evolving Burgundian state. Instead of picturing Philipp the Good as a fifteenth-century Don Quixote, or as a precursor to the »last knight«, Emperor Maximilian I of the Holy Roman Empire, this book focuses on the political dimensions of his ostentatious crusading ambitions as part of the Burgundian struggle for a higher status among the hierarchy of European powers.

This study examines the crusading discourse at the Burgundian court through an analysis of three voluminous treatises written by bishop Jean Germain († 1461), the first chancellor of Philipp’s Order of the Golden Fleece. It combines a discourse analytical perspective with a form of sequential analysis that is taken from qualitative social research and applies it to late medieval texts and miniatures.

Ulrike Gerhard, Editha Marquardt (Eds.)

Die Stadt von morgen

Looking at the cities of tomorrow has many facets. Their enormous growth, as well as pressing challenges such as increasing mobility, digitization, and sustainability, confront us with the question of how we envision the livable city of the future. This volume is intended to stimulate and inspire an engaged debate from diverse perspectives, such as architecture and literature, geography and health, anthropology and planning, and environmental science and energy about a city for people. What kind of visions do urban planners develop? How can academic knowledge and science contribute to an open and equal city? This book provides some ideas, concept and thoughts from a diverse range of actors and scientists.

 

 

 

 

Sarah Kiyanrad, Rebecca Sauer, Jan Scholz (Eds.)

Islamische Selbstbilder
Festschrift für Susanne Enderwitz

Going beyond the framework of a mere “Festschrift” in cumulative terms, this volume aims at contributing to recent discussions in the subject area of Middle Eastern studies focusing on individual and autobiographical voices discernible in pre-modern and contemporary Muslim societies. This approach reflects Prof Susanne Enderwitz’ seminal works on the topics of autobiography/autofiction and Islamicate expressions of identity. Among the contributors are Lale Behzadi, Michael Ursinus, Henning Sievert, Paula Schrode, Johannes Zimmermann, Ines Weinrich, and many others.

Joachim Funke, Michael Wink (Eds.)

Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online, Vol. 5: Entwicklung – Wie aus Prozessen Strukturen werden

Developmental processes on a small scale (cell growth, ontogenesis) and on a large scale (from the big bang to the universe) that lead to discoverable structures: Astonishing developments can be seen in many areas! Be it hypotheses about the coming into being of the Old Testament, the emergence of all life on this planet from a primordial cell, the development of cancer or the formation of human character in the course of ontogenesis. The Corona pandemic also shows a typical developmental course.

This volume, edited by Joachim Funke and Michael Wink, sheds light on these topics (and a few more) from the colourful perspective of a full university. Ten authors from the fields of medicine, the humanities, cultural and natural sciences discuss the topic of development from their respective perspectives in eight articles.

Ouafaa Qaddioui

Zur Negation im Gegenwartsdeutschen und im Modernen Hocharabisch
Eine linguistisch-kontrastive Untersuchung

The present study is a contrastive and empirical investigation of the negative markers nicht in contemporary German (CG) and laysa, lam, lan, lammā, lāta, and in Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Four aspects are analyzed from a comparative point of view: (i) the morphological fusion of the negative markers with indefinites in CG and with clitic particles/suffixes in MSA, which creates a paradigm of negative markers similar to an auxiliary verb paradigm, (ii) the position of those markers in sentence structures, (iii) the interaction between negative markers and verbal or nominal categories, and (iv) the interactions between negation and information structure. Two novels were chosen as the main sources of sample data: “Sommerstück” (1989) (“Piece of Summer”) by Christa Wolf for CG and “Bayna al-Qasrayn” (1956) (“Palace Walk”) by Naǧib Maḥfūẓ for MSA. The goal of the study is to describe and compare the grammatical organization of negation in both languages.

Miriam Régerat-Kobitzsch

»Cette reine qui fait une si piètre figure«
Maria von Medici in der europäischen Geschichtsschreibung des 19. Jahrhunderts

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 115

Marie de Médicis (1575-1642), reine de France, est restée dans les mémoires comme une souveraine incapable, obsédée par le pouvoir et soupçonnée d’avoir assassiné son mari. Ses actions culturelles et politiques ont souvent été réduites à une parenthèse féminine et italienne entre le règne d’Henri IV et le ministériat de Richelieu. Cette image a survécu à la Révolution et s’est consolidée dans le discours historique identitaire d’une nation française de plus en plus bourgeoise, républicaine et laïque.Pour la première fois, la réception mouvementée de Marie de Médicis au XIXe siècle fait ici l’objet d'une enquête approfondie. L’étude offre un vaste aperçu de l'imbrication de l’historiographie, de la société et de la politique pendant les crises et les bouleversements des nationalismes européens.

Successive generations have remembered Marie de’ Medici (1575–1642), Queen of France, as an incompetent regent, obsessed with power and alleged to have murdered her husband. Moreover, historians often saw no more to her cultural work and politics than a female and Italian parenthesis between the reign of Henry IV and the ministry of Richelieu. This unfavourable image of the second Medici-regent survived the French Revolution and was solidified in the master narrative of an increasingly bourgeois, republican and secular French nation. The present volume provides the first-ever investigation into Marie de’ Medici’s colourful reception during the 19th century. It offers an in-depth analysis of historical writing, society and politics in the pan-European period of crisis and change called the Age of Nationalism.

Christian Wenzel

» Ruine d'estat «
Sicherheit in den Debatten der französischen Religionskriege 1557–1589

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 116

La sécurité est un sujet aussi central que largement inexploré des guerres de Religion françaises. Pour la première fois, elle est analysée ici de manière systématique et en tenant compte des modèles d’interprétation contemporains. Christian Wenzel retrace le vaste débat sur la sécurité qui a considérablement marqué les conflits entre 1557 et 1589. Son étude non seulement ouvre une nouvelle perspective sur les événements et processus centraux, mais elle contribue, grâce au concept de »communication historique sur la sécurité« développé ici, à la recherche historique sur la sécurité et montre la complexité des concepts de sécurité de l’époque moderne.

Security – a category that is as important as neglected when it comes to the French Wars of Religion in the 16th century. Christian Wenzel systematically traces imaginations of security as well as their function in the French Wars of Religion for the first time, with a close focus on the perspective of the historical actors. The present study vividly recounts a broad security debate which influenced the conflicts between 1557 and 1589 to a significant degree. Thereby, the study enables not only new perspectives on pivotal junctions and processes; by introducing “Historical Security Communication” as a heuristic approach, it also contributes to Historical Security Studies and casts a light on the complexity of early modern semantics of security.

Joachim Funke (Ed.)

Studium Generale
Bd. 7: Aggression

Wir leben in einer Welt voll von Aggressionen. Kein Tag vergeht, ohne dass wir von Konflikten zwischen Menschen hören, die schwächeren Formen von Gewalt nehmen wir nur noch am Rande zur Kenntnis. Ist das Gewaltpotential der Erde wirklich gestiegen? Relativ zur gewachsenen Weltbevölkerung, so meinen seriöse Forscher, sei es sogar gesunken. Grund genug, sich dieses Themas einmal aus der Sicht verschiedener Disziplinen im Rahmen des „Studium Generale“ anzunehmen. Aggression taucht in sehr unterschiedlichen Zusammenhängen auf. Das kann die Frage nach dem Einfluss von Geschlechterstereotypen in Paar beziehungen sein oder der Blick aus der Kriminologie auf den Einfluss von Normen und religiösen Werten; das sind negative und positive Auswirkungen von Aggression im Straßenverkehr oder die Frage nach dem Schutz vor Aggression in (sozialen) Medien; und der Blick aus der Biologie beleuchtet auch die Frage, wo Aggression ein Teil der Tierwelt ist und letztlich auch die Reflexion über unser Leben ermöglicht.

Laura Pettinaroli, Massimiliano Valente (Eds.)

Il cardinale Pietro Gasparri, segretario di Stato (1914–1930)

Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 4

Pietro Gasparri (1852–1934) fu un insigne giurista, un apprezzato docente universitario e un abile diplomatico pontificio. Diresse la Segreteria di Stato e la Curia romana dal novembre 1914 al gennaio 1930, cioè in un periodo cruciale della storia europea e del papato. Il volume – frutto dei seminari di studio sulla “Politica internazionale della Santa Sede” tenuti fra il 2013 e il 2016 e organizzati in collaborazione tra l’Università europea di Roma e l’Institut catholique de Paris – presenta i contributi di un gruppo internazionale di storici e archivisti, senior e dottorandi, incentrati su Gasparri nel suo ruolo di segretario di Stato, quale figura centrale del governo della Chiesa cattolica del Novecento.

Pietro Gasparri (1852–1934) was a famous jurist, a valued university professor and an able papal diplomat. He headed the Secretary of State and the Roman Curia from November 1914 to January 1930, during a crucial period in the history of Europe and of the Papacy. This book – the outcome of research seminars on “The international policy of the Holy See” held in Rome between 2013 and 2016 in collaboration with the Università europea di Roma and the Institut catholique de Paris – gathers the contributions of an international group of historians and archivists, seniors and PhD students. It focuses on Gasparri in his role as Secretary of State: a central figure of the government of the Church in the twentieth century.