Joachim Funke, Rainer M. Holm-Hadulla, Michael Wink (Eds.)

Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online, Bd. 6: Intelligenz – Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Anwendungen

In dem von Rainer Matthias Holm-Hadulla, Joachim Funke und Michael Wink herausgegebenen Band zum Thema „Intelligenz“ behandeln Wissenschaftler*innen aus verschiedenen Disziplinen — von Mathematik, Biologie, Medizin und Psychologie bis zur Kultur, Ökonomie und Politik — eine Vielzahl aktueller Themen und suchen nach interdisziplinären Lösungen.

Thomas Pfeiffer, Quincy C. Lobach, Tobias Rapp (Eds.)

Facilitating Cross-Border Family Life – Towards a Common European Understanding
EUFams II and Beyond

This volume constitutes the final study of EUFams II, a research project on European family and succession law funded by the European Commission. Its contributors present historical developments, discuss the status quo, and draw the lines along which European family and succession law may develop in the near future. The volume endeavors to inspire its readership and the scientific community at large to engage in further research along and across these lines.

Uwe Israel, Marius Kraus, Ludovica Sasso (Eds.)

Agonale Invektivität
Konstellationen und Dynamiken der Herabsetzung im italienischen und deutschen Humanismus

Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. Beihefte, Band 17

What does humanism mean, who is a humanist? Contemporaries clarified this not least through diatribes. Intellectuals who, since the middle of the fourteenth century, have regarded rhetoric as the most noble method of promoting virtue, searching for truth and knowledge of God, saw mutual personal degradation as the means of asserting their positions.

Jérôme Verdoot

Une clôture hermétique?
Isolement régulier et intérêts séculiers au monastère Saint-Pierre de Lobbes, VIIe–XIVe siècle

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 119

Au Moyen Âge, les abbayes bénédictines justifiaient leur existence par leur isolement, prétention affirmée à travers, notamment, le topos du locus desertus montrant des saints fondateurs d’abbayes s’installer loin de toute civilisation. Or, pour subsister, les abbayes devaient retirer des biens ou des services de la société englobante (oblats, nourriture, protection…) et, en échange, en fournir d’autres (soutien politique, hospitalité…). Les monastères médiévaux étaient donc profondément intégrés dans la société tout en prétendant en être isolés. Ce paradoxe de la vie monastique est souvent utilisé dans les Ordensforschungen, bien plus rarement pour l’étude d’institutions spécifiques. Le présent ouvrage a pour objectif de confronter ce cadre théorique à la réalité vécue par les moines de l’abbaye Saint-Pierre de Lobbes (Hainaut, Belgique), du viie siècle, date de sa fondation, jusqu’à la fin du xive.

 

In the Middle Ages, the very existence of Benedictine monasteries was based on their proclaimed isolation from the world, a tenet diametrically opposed to their means of subsistence. Indeed, in order to extract goods from society (oblates, food, protection…), abbeys had to provide tangible goods and services in exchange (political support, hospitality…); monasteries were deeply integrated into medieval society while claiming to be isolated from it. This paradox of monastic life is often referred to in the Ordenforschungen or study of the monastic orders, but it is rarely used when it comes to studying specific institutions. This book aims to test the validity of this theoretical framework against the reality as lived by the monks of the Abbey of St Peter of Lobbes (Hainault, Belgium), from its founding until the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries. In particular, it analyses the interactions between the abbey and its political and economic environment.

Anna Laiß

Universalistisches Ideal und koloniale Kontinuitäten
Die »harkis« in der Fünften Französischen Republik

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 120

En 1962, avec l’indépendance de l’Algérie, ce sont non seulement un million de colons européens mais aussi près de 85 000 »harkis« – des musulmans qui avaient soutenu l’armée française pendant la guerre, notamment en tant que soldats auxiliaires – qui quittent le pays pour la France. Les harkis arrivent-ils comme des »traîtres à la nation algérienne«, comme des »citoyens français à droits égaux«, et donc comme des rapatriés, ou bien doivent-ils être considérés comme des réfugiés? Anna Laiß analyse les controverses suscitées par les différents points de vue ainsi que la difficulté éprouvée par les harkis et leurs descendants à trouver leur place dans la République française. Elle souligne la tension entre l’idéal universaliste et les modes d’action et de pensée coloniaux, qui se reflètent dans les débats sur l’intégration et les mémoires coloniales, bien au-delà de la période de la décolonisation.

When Algeria gained independence in 1962, an estimated 1 million European settlers and roughly 85 000 so called »Harkis«, muslim Algerians that served as auxiliaries in the French Army, left Algeria en route to France. Were the »Harkis« received as »traitors of the Algerian nation«, as »French citizens with rights to repatriation« or were they seen simply as »refugees«? Anna Laiß provides insightful analysis into the controversial perceptions and portrayals that dominated the “Harkis« existence, and that of their descendents, in their search for a place in the French Republic. She reveals the areas of conflict and discord between the French ideals of republican universalism and the colonial mindset and behaviour, which are to be found in debates about integration and colonial memory, and which extend well beyond the period of decolonisation. 

Silke Leopold, Bärbel Pelker (Eds.)

Fürstliches Arkadien
Sommerresidenzen im 18. Jahrhundert

Schriften zur Südwestdeutschen Hofmusik, Vol. 5

In academic research, princely summer residences are regarded as places of longing, where rulers sought to realize their dream of an earthly paradise and escape the constraints of courtly ceremonial. Traditionally, this research has been based in history of art. What music was made in the summer residences, and how it might have differed from that of the main residence, has not yet been systematically studied. The conference made a contribution to this by examining the musical life at selected European summer residences of the eighteenth century and relating it to one another. The individual contributions present the respective situations of the cultivation of music at selected summer residences in the German-speaking countries as well as in Italy, Spain, England, Sweden and Russia.

Lajos Berkes

Vom byzantinischen zum arabischen Ägypten
Neue dokumentarische Papyri aus dem 5. bis 8. Jh. (P.Heid. XI)

Studien und Texte aus der Heidelberger Papyrussammlung, Vol. 2

This volume contains the edition of 42 Egyptian documentary papyri from the 5th–8th century AD including translations as well as historical and philological commentary. The texts were written in Greek or Coptic, but the volume also comprises bilingual Greek-Coptic documents and an Arabic-Greek protocol. These multifaceted papyri, such as administrative, legal and tax documents, allow precious glimpses into the society of the late antique Nile Valley and produce important new evidence for the underexplored transition period from Byzantine to Islamic rule in Egypt.

Sarah-Denise Fabian, Silke Leopold, Panja Mücke, Rüdiger Thomsen-Fürst (Eds.)

Johann Stamitz und die europäische Musikermigration im 18. Jahrhundert

Schriften zur Südwestdeutschen Hofmusik, Vol. 4

This publication documents the papers presented at the symposium "The Stamitz family and European musician migration in the 18th century", which took place in Schwetzingen on 17 and 18 June 2017 on the occasion of the 300th birthday of Johann Stamitz. The conference was organised by the Research Centre for the History of Southwest German Court Music of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and the Mannheim State University of Music and Performing Arts.

Johann Stamitz, a figurehead of Mannheim's court music, and his family are exemplary for the musician migration of the eighteenth century in Central Europe. Based on this, the papers will examine various aspects of the topic. It was part of the conference's concept to offer not only experienced experts in this field but also young scholars a platform for their own research and for the presentation of the results.

Eva-Maria Troelenberg, Kerstin Schankweiler, Anna Sophia Messner (Eds.)

Reading Objects in the Contact Zone

Heidelberg Studies on Transculturality, Vol. 9

The cultural effects of globalization constitute one of the most important challenges for the discipline of art history today. The aim of this publication is to take a critical look at art historical narratives. Based on transcultural object biographies, the volume brings together analyses of objects and images that circulate in transcultural contact zones: their histories of origin, circulation and perception slice through space and time. The histories of these objects and images thus demonstrate in exemplary fashion how knowledge and understanding can be generated, communicated or also challenged in cultural contact zones. Hence, the publication is designed as a methodological contribution to a transcultural art and cultural history. It is also conceived as an instrument for teaching and contains a critical-discursive glossary of key-terms that combines theory and practice of transcultural art history.

Rajan Khatiwoda, Simon Cubelic and Axel Michaels

The Mulukī Ain of 1854
Nepal’s First Legal Code

Documenta Nepalica – Book Series, Vol. 2

The Mulukī Ain of 1854—the law code with constitutional features drafted at the initiative of Prime Minister Jaṅga Bahādura Rāṇā—is the foundational legal text for modern Nepal. It covers almost every aspect of public, criminal, private and religious law, ranging from the organisation of the state and courts to murder and other delicts, the workings of the caste system and the joint family, matters of purity and penance, customary law, widow-burning and witchcraft. As such, the Mulukī Ain is a unique source not only for the political, social and economic life of 19th-century Nepal, but also for the place of traditional Hindu jurisprudence in South Asian legal cultures.

Marc Bonner (Ed.)

Game | World | Architectonics
Transdisciplinary Approaches on Structures and Mechanics, Levels and Spaces, Aesthetics and Perception

In its current digital, pictorial and viral ubiquity, architecture no longer has to be bodily present, but has a mediating role. As a medial hinge it folds different disciplines of media and art onto the realm of the everyday. Here, the idea of architectonics can be understood as the architectural implications of computer games in a broader sense to address the matter of architecture in game worlds as well as the architecture of computer games themselves.

This anthology bundles transdisciplinary approaches around the topics of space, architecture, perception of and worldbuilding in computer games and their media-specific properties. The aim is to show how and under which aspects digital game worlds are constituted. The contributions depart from the beaten tracks of media and game studies, focusing on spatial, architectural and world-shaped phenomena within current digital media culture.

Barbara Gerke

Taming the Poisonous
Mercury, Toxicity, and Safety in Tibetan Medical Practice

Heidelberg Studies on Transculturality, Vol. 7

This rich ethnographic and socio-historical account uncovers how toxicity and safety are expressed transculturally in a globalizing world. For the first time, it unpacks the “pharmaceutical nexus” of mercury in Tibetan medicine (Sowa Rigpa) where, since the thirteenth century, it has mainly been used in the form of tsotel. Tsotel, an organometallic mercury sulfide compound, is added in small amounts to specific medicines to enhance the potency of other ingredients. In concordance with tantric Buddhist ideas, Tibetan medical practitioners confront and tame poisonous substances, and instead of avoiding or expelling them, transform them into potent medicines and elixirs.

Recently, the UN Environment Programme’s global ban on mercury, the Minamata Convention, has sparked debates on the use of mercury in Asian medicines. As Asian medical traditions increasingly intersect with biomedical science and technology, what is at stake when Tibetan medical practitioners in India and Nepal, researchers, and regulators negotiate mercury’s toxicity and safety? Who determines what is “toxic” and what is “safe,” and how? What does this mean for the future of traditional Asian medical and pharmaceutical practices?

Matthias Bartelmann

Theoretical Astrophysics
An Introduction

Lecture Notes

Understanding astronomical objects requires knowledge and methods from different branches of theoretical physics: we diagnose these objects mostly by the light we receive; the observed phenomena often have to do with the flow of fluids, sometimes ionised, sometimes magnetised; and the measured velocities reflect dynamics driven by gravitational fields. Courses in theoretical physics lay the foundation in classical and quantum mechanics, electrodynamics, and thermodynamics, but a gap remains between this foundation and its application to astrophysics. These lecture notes build upon the core courses in theoretical physics and provides the methods for understanding astrophysics theoretically.

Lutz Klinkhammer, Clemens Zimmermann (Eds.)

Cinema as a Political Media
Germany and Italy Compared, 1945–1950s

Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 5

Sulla base di un approccio comparato e transnazionale, il volume esamina le rispettive interpretazioni del proprio passato in Germania e in Italia nello specchio della produzione cinematografica tra il 1945 e il 1955, nonché la reciproca ricezione dei film. In 12 contributi gli autori internazionali analizzano trama e narrativa di alcuni importanti film, considerando anche il contesto in cui si svolse allora, nei due paesi, il dibattito sugli orrori e traumi del passato nazionalsocialista e fascista.

This volume’s transnational, comparative approach seeks to open up a fresh perspective on self-interpretations of the past in Germany and Italy with regards to film production and the cinematographic relationship between the two countries, from 1945 to 1955. In the 12 chapters, the international authors analyse both plot and narrative in significant single film productions, as well as the contexts in which the horrors and traumas of their Nazi and Fascist pasts were discussed in both countries.

Radmila Mladenova et al. (Eds.)

Antigypsyism and Film / Antiziganismus und Film

Antiziganism is a common phenomenon on the big screen. To examine this issue from various perspectives, acclaimed scholars and junior researchers, filmmakers and human rights activists, both Roma and non-Roma, gathered in Berlin in 2018 and presented their research output, shared personal testimonies and discussed films at the international conference “Antigypsyism and Film“.

The present bilingual volume is a documentation of the conference proceedings. It contains academic articles and essays as well as interviews with filmmakers grouped in four thematic sections: antigypsyism in film, the question of ethics, strategies of subversion and antigypsyism in comparison to other forms of racism.

Marek Konopka, Angelika Wöllstein, Ekkehard Felder (Eds.)

Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen: Bd. 1 (2020)

Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen (“Building blocks towards a corpus grammar of German”) is a series presenting corpus linguistic studies on German grammar conducted at the Leibniz Institute for the German Language in Mannheim (IDS). Using state-of-the-art corpus linguistic methodology, the series aims to capture the diversity and variability of German grammar at a high resolution. At the same time, it aims to ensure the study results are verifiable. Issue by issue, the series will add “building blocks” for a new, consistently corpus-based grammar of German. In addition to the peer-reviewed texts, which are written in the style of grammar chapters, the series publishes the results of statistical analyses and, for selected topics, the underlying data sets.

Amedeo Osti Guerrazzi (Ed.)

Le udienze di Mussolini durante la Repubblica Sociale Italiana, 1943–1945
2a edizione ampliata e revisionata

Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 3

Presso l’Archivio Centrale dello Stato si conserva il calendario delle udienze tenute da Mussolini durante l’ultimo periodo del fascismo (la Repubblica Sociale Italiana). Il volume lo mette a disposizione degli studiosi per la prima volta e lo arricchisce con i contenuti delle udienze, ricostruiti – ove possibile – attraverso la memorialistica e le carte della Segreteria particolare del Duce.

The calendar of Mussolini’s audiences given towards the end of fascism (the Italian Social Republic) are held at the Central State Archives. The volume, which makes it available to scholars for the first time, is enriched with reconstructions of the conversations, where possible, using memorial literature and records from the Private Secretariat of the Duce.

Stefan Dietrich and Margareta Pavaloi

The von Portheim Foundation in Heidelberg
A Century for Science and the Arts

In 2019, the ›Josefine and Eduard von Portheim Foundation for Science and the Arts‹ celebrated its centenary. The book gives a summary description of the development of the Foundation, its institutes and collections from its establishment until the difficult new start after the Second World War. It is equally the history of today’s Ethnographic Museum vPST which is based on the Foundation’s former Ethnographic Institute. The publication provides information on the life and work of Victor and Leontine Goldschmidt, who established and endowed the Foundation, on its guiding ideas and purpose, and on its misuse under the National Socialist regime. It looks at the scientific work of Victor Goldschmidt, the eminent crystallographer, at his attempts to bridge the gap between sciences and the humanities, and the manifold relations between the Foundation and the University of Heidelberg.

Ute Günkel-Maschek

Minoische Bild-Räume
Neue Untersuchungen zu den Wandbildern des spätbronzezeitlichen Palastes von Knossos

This volume presents a new analysis of the wall paintings discovered over a hundred years ago in one of the most important centres of Minoan culture, the palace at Knossos. Introducing the theoretical concept of Bild-Raum, a relational construct linking pictorial elements with humans, actions and places, the aim is to produce new insights as to the types of rituals, ideas and people which can be related with individual parts of the palace based on the decoration painted on the walls. The images and architecture of three key areas of the palace are studied in broad detail, improving our understanding of performances and people involved and their role within the complex history of the Late Bronze Age palace at Knossos.    

Julia Heinemann

Verwandtsein und Herrschen
Die Königinmutter Catherine de Médicis und ihre Kinder in Briefen, 1560–1589

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 118

Pendant près de trente ans, Catherine de Médicis a été une figure politique centrale de la monarchie française. Son autorité reposait sur sa position de reine mère. L’ouvrage examine ce que la parenté signifiait pour elle et ses descendants; il montre comment les relations de parenté étaient négociées et comment parenté et pouvoir étaient liés dans la pratique. Qu’est-ce qu'une reine mère, une sœur ou un fils royaux? Les lettres que s’écrivaient la mère et les enfants révèlent la parenté comme un répertoire flexible de la pensée et de l'action politiques. À une époque considérée comme celle de l’origine des États modernes, la royauté a ainsi été constamment reconceptualisée et légitimée dans les relations de parenté.

Catherine de Médicis was an important political figure of the French monarchy for over 30 years. Her authority was based on her position as queen mother in relation to her children. This book explores the question of what relatedness actually was for the queen mother and her offspring, how they negotiated kinship relations and how kinship and political power were intertwined. What was a queen mother, a royal son or a royal sister? The letters that the relatives wrote to each other show that kinship formed a flexible repertoire of political thinking and acting. In a period that is considered the beginning of the building of modern states, royal authority was conceptionalized and legitimized by kinship relations.