Thomas Schwitter

Erinnerung im Umbruch
Die Fortsetzung, Drucklegung und Ablösung der »Grandes chroniques de France« im 15. und frühen 16. Jahrhundert

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 124

À partir du xiiie siècle, les »Grandes chroniques de France«, pièce maîtresse de l’historiographie française, furent régulièrement augmentées et mises à jour. Au xve et au début du xvie siècle, le thème central de cette historiographie proche du pouvoir était la guerre civile entre Armagnacs et Bourguignons (1407–1435), et la guerre de Cent Ans, qui y était associée. Le développement historiographique était étroitement lié à la lutte de différentes parties pour la souveraineté de l’interprétation de ces conflits. Cette revendication est analysée ici pour la première fois dans un contexte où les »Grandes chroniques« ont, certes, été continuées en tant que récit historiographique, mais dans lequel, en même temps, de nouvelles œuvres d’inspiration humaniste les ont progressivement remplacées. L’étude reconstruit de nombreuses étapes de l’évolution des »Grandes chroniques« et traite également de textes créés dans leur environnement et qui n’ont guère été étudiés jusqu’à présent. Pour ce faire, manuscrits et ouvrages imprimés sont pris en compte de la même manière.

The study traces the development of historiography surrounding the rulers in France in the 15th and early 16th centuries. In the first two parts, the focus is on the continuation and printing of the “Grandes Chroniques” in the 15th century up to the replacement of this leading text by the new, humanistically influenced works of Robert Gaguin and Paulus Aemilius. Along the way, numerous stages of development are reconstructed. Moreover, many historiographical works that have hardly been studied so far but were influenced heavily by the “Grandes Chroniques” are also discussed. For a long time during that period, the main topic of French historiography was the French Civil War (1407–1435) and the associated conflict with the English kings. The struggle of various parties for interpretative sovereignty over those decades therefore had a decisive influence on the development of French historiography in the 15th and early 16th centuries, which will be examined in the third part.

Mateusz Fafinski, Jakob Riemenschneider (Eds.)

The Past Through Narratology
New Approaches to Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages

Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. Beihefte, Vol. 18

„The Past through Narratology“ proposes a fresh approach to various types of texts from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Starting from a broad definition of what a text can be – ranging from hagiographic narratives and maps to archaeological remains – this book proposes narrativity and narratology as frameworks for exploring sources and exchanging opinions. The various contributions in this volume investigate how late antique and early medieval authors and movements used narrative as a vehicle for their ideas and how they operated in literarised spaces. At the same time, this book also examines how we as researchers construct narratives about our periods of study.

Andreas Kruse, Eric Schmitt (Eds.)

... der Augenblick ist mein und nehm ich den in Acht
Daseinsthemen und Lebenskontexte alter Menschen

Themes of existence of elderly people are considered in the context of different : different social classes, different residential contexts, different degrees of independence are understood as central components of the differentiated life-worlds. It is shown how significant the subjectively experienced “task character of life” as well as the experience of being needed by others are for satisfaction and a sense of meaning. In addition, risk factors for life satisfaction are identified: these include, above all, isolation and a pronounced need for care. The experience of old people is not solely determined by vulnerability; it also speaks for mental growth and coping skills.

 

 

 

 

Roberto Fiorentini

Livio Odescalchi, nipote di papa Innocenzo XI
Interessi famigliari e strategie di ascesa nella stagione dell’antinepotismo

Marco Albertoni (Ed.)
Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 6

Livio Odescalchi (1652–1713), nipote di Innocenzo XI, pagò in gioventù il prezzo della politica antinepotista del pontefice, il quale scelse di negargli ogni incarico ufficiale. Negli stessi anni, Livio dovette oltretutto sottostare al controllo opprimente dello zio, suo tutore testamentario – una condizione infelice al punto che, nella cultura del tempo, la sua figura venne notoriamente associata a simbolo di sventura. Nonostante ciò, il giovane seppe gettare le basi per una strategia di ascesa economico-sociale che avrebbe dato i suoi frutti in seguito. Morto Innocenzo XI, ebbe inizio infatti un periodo di riscatto, costruito sull’accumulo di onorificenze e possedimenti, investimenti finanziari, committenze e commerci d’arte, mecenatismo, feste mondane e reti internazionali.

Il volume, frutto della tesi di dottorato di Roberto Fiorentini (Aprilia 1987–Washington 2019), prende in esame ambedue le fasi della vita di Livio Odescalchi, analizzandole alla luce di una notevole quantità di documenti d’archivio, una parte dei quali completamente inediti.

Livio Odescalchi (1652–1713), nephew of Innocent XI, paid the price in his youth for the pope’s anti-nepotism policy, who chose to deny him any official position. During the same period, Livio had to submit to the oppressive control of his uncle, his testamentary guardian – an unhappy situation that, at the time, caused him to be considered a symbol of misfortune. In spite of this, the young man was able to lay the foundations for a strategy of economic and social ascent that would later bear fruit. After the death of Innocent XI, a period of compensation began, built on the accumulation of honours and possessions, financial investments, commissions and art trades, patronage, social celebrations, and international networks.

This book, based on Roberto Fiorentini’s doctoral thesis (Aprilia 1987 – Washington 2019), examines both phases of Livio Odescalchi’s life, analysing them in the light of a considerable quantity of archival documents, some of which are completely unpublished.

Annette C. Cremer, Alexander Jendorff (Eds.)

Decorum und Mammon im Widerstreit?
Adeliges Wirtschaftshandeln zwischen Standesprofilen, Profitstreben und ökonomischer Notwendigkeit

Höfische Kultur interdisziplinär (HKI) – Schriften und Materialien des Rudolstädter Arbeitskreises zur Residenzkultur, Vol. 4

Entrepreneurial activity by nobles was highly debated in the European Early Modern period. Generally, it was considered socially inappropriate. Nevertheless, profit-oriented activities of the nobility were an economic necessity and an everyday matter. The volume traces this ambivalence, using European examples between 1600 and 1900 from various ranks of the nobility and different fields of economic activity. It shows that the involvement of the nobility in European economic processes should not be underestimated. The book opens up an underrepresented field of research for a more in-depth examination.

Isabelle Deflers

Von Preußen lernen?
Die preußische Monarchie im Spiegel französischer Reformdiskurse am Ende des Ancien Régime

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 122

La guerre de Sept Ans a été un désastre pour la renommée de la France. S’est alors engagée une discussion intensive sur des idées de réforme afin que soit restaurée la primauté de la monarchie française dans le système international des États et que le pays soit sauvé de la faillite. L’autopromotion de Frédéric II a suscité un intérêt particulièrement vif du public français pour la Prusse. Mais dans quelle mesure l’État prussien, perçu comme un modèle de réussite, pouvait-il servir de référence dans ce débat sur les réformes? Le livre nous montre par le biais de quels médiateurs et les moyens par lesquels le transfert de connaissances de la Prusse vers la France s’est opéré au cours des dernières décennies de l’Ancien Régime. Les limites de ce transfert y sont également expliquées, ainsi que la fonction que le renvoi à la Prusse a effectivement occupée au sein des discussions autoréférentielles sur la »régénération« de la monarchie française.

With the end of the Seven Years' War, a period of intensive search for reform ideas began in France an attempt to restore France's supremacy in the international state system and save the monarchy from bankruptcy. The particularly lively interest of the French public in Prussia raises the question of the extent to which Frederick II's state, which was regarded as successful, has served as a model in this reform debate. The book shows by which ways, carriers and means the transfer of knowledge from Prussia to France took place at the end of the Ancien Régime and what function the reference to Prussia actually assumed within self-referential French discussions.

Marek Konopka, Angelika Wöllstein, Ekkehard Felder (Eds.)

Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen
Bd. 2: Determination, syntaktische Funktionen der Nominalphrase und Attribution

„Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen“ (“Building blocks towards a corpus grammar of German”) is a new series presenting corpus linguistic studies conducted at the Leibniz Institute for the German Language in Mannheim (IDS). It aims to capture the diversity and variability of German grammar at a high resolution, and at the same time to ensure the study results are verifiable. This first issue contains an introduction to the series, and four texts designed as chapters of a new grammar: 1) main aspects of word formation, 2) the formation of adverbs, 3) strong vs. weak inflection in sequences of attributive adjectives and 4) the order of attributive adjectives. In addition, the issue provides access to an interactive database on attributive adjectives.

Kurt Weissen

Marktstrategien der Kurienbanken
Die Geschäfte der Alberti, Medici und Spinelli in Deutschland (1400–1475)

With their branch networks and partners, the Florentine banks dominated  international monetary transactions of the 15th century. Thanks to their presence in the main commercial centres of the continent, the merchant bankers from Tuscany dominated the cashless processing of large transfers of money from all over Europe to the Roman Curia. Kurt Weissen examines how curia bankers, such as the Alberti and the Medici, connected Germany to this payment system via Bruges and Venice. He analyses the role played by the establishment of branches in Lübeck, Cologne, Basel and Constance and the importance of cooperation with German merchant companies.

Djro Bilestone R. Kouamenan

Le roi, son favori et les barons
Légitimation et délégitimation du pouvoir royal en Angleterre et en France aux XIVe et XVe siècles

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 123

Dans la recherche, le rôle politique du favori et la nature de sa relation avec le roi ont souvent été obscurcis par le fait que, dans les discours du haut et du bas Moyen Âge, la proximité particulière avec le souverain était régulièrement exprimée dans le langage de l’amour et dans des gestes de proximité physique et d’intimité. Ainsi, l’impression est née que le roi, par inclination homosexuelle, accordait une influence excessive à son favori – aux dépens des barons, qui revendiquaient, eux aussi, une part du pouvoir.

Dans l’esprit d’une »histoire culturelle de la politique«, le présent ouvrage reconsidère la figure du favori, la rend compréhensible et tangible dans sa signification au-delà du cas individuel. Il met en évidence le caractère constructif des modèles modernes de perception du désir sexuel et souligne l’importance de l’inconduite sexuelle comme argument politique dans le discours médiéval.

 

At the end of the Western Middle Ages, the new notions of the legitimacy of royal power and its exercise were made more visible by the presence of royal favourites whose figure should be reconsidered. The present study links the reproach of sexual misconduct as a political argument in medieval discourse to medieval ideas about royalty and government, opening new perspectives of a cultural history of politics in the Later Middle Ages.

Frank Reuter, Daniela Gress, Radmila Mladenova (Eds.)

Visuelle Dimensionen des Antiziganismus

Interdisciplinary Studies in Antigypsyism – Book series initiated by the Research Centre on Antigypsyism, Vol. 2

Visual media have played a key role in the genesis of antigypsyism since the early modern period. This interdisciplinary anthology examines the central motifs and semantics of "Gypsy" images in various forms of representation such as literature, visual art, photography, postcards, opera, theatre, comics, film and computer games. Particular attention is paid to connecting lines and interrelationships. The contributions uncover the content-related, temporal, geographical and media-specific manifestations of one of the most powerful stereotypes in European cultural history. To this day, antigypsyist imaginations have a negative impact on the positioning of Sinti and Roma in European societies.

Sebastian Fitzner

Ein Haus für Herkules
Das fürstliche Modellhaus der Residenzstadt Kassel – Architektur und Modellpraktiken im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert

Höfische Kultur interdisziplinär (HKI) – Schriften und Materialien des Rudolstädter Arbeitskreises zur Residenzkultur, Vol. 3

Dedicated to housing courtly architectural models, Landgrave Karl founded the so-called Modellhaus at the beginning of the 18th-century, an unusual  building which went on to become one of the most admired sights of its time. The collection included, most importantly, a monumental model of the most famous of all the Kassel artworks, namely the statue of Hercules overlooking the extensive Karlsberg gardens. Through recently discovered plans, files, and contemporary travel memoirs, this book retraces the story of this unique building and its collection which lasted almost a century, guiding us through Berlin, Saint Petersburg, and Paris, to reveal the continuing importance of models.

Philip Reich, Karolin Toledo Flores, Dirk Werle (Eds.)

Tradition und Traditionsverhalten
Literaturwissenschaftliche Zugänge und kulturhistorische Perspektiven

Cultural Heritage: Materiality—Text—Edition (KEMTE), Vol. 1

In Western cultural history, 'tradition' is one of the central concepts to describe processes of reception and their impact. Especially in literary studies, traditions are often claimed by stating, for example, that a particular text stands 'in the tradition' of another text. Nevertheless, coherent theoretical reflection is often lacking. This volume approaches the general question "What is tradition?" and the more specific question "How can one adequately speak about literary traditions?" by theorizing the premises of the concept and by discussing its theoretical capacity on the basis of case studies from various constellations throughout literary and cultural history.

Aurel Croissant (Ed.)

Studium Generale
Bd. 10: Ressourcen

Studium Generale is a series of lectures at Heidelberg University open to all members of the university and any other interested members of the public. The lecture series has a general topic that academics from different fields take up in individual presentations from the angle of their discipline.

“Resources: raw materials, data, human beings ...” was the topic of the Studium Generale of Heidelberg University in the 2019 summer semester. The collection of essays in this volume arose in the context of this lecture series. They represent the broad range of different disciplinary approaches to the topic in academic research und in societal practice.

Stephan Nicolussi-Köhler

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 121

Comment les réseaux de marchands du sud de la France ont-ils contribué à l’essor commercial de Marseille et de Montpellier aux xiie et xiiie siècles? Comment les villes de l’intérieur des terres, en fournissant des biens, des capitaux et des personnes, ont-elles permis l’expansion du commerce méditerranéen des grandes villes côtières? Dans cette étude, les fondements du commerce à longue distance sont non seulement expliqués par l’établissement des États croisés au Levant mais ils sont aussi explorés directement à leur source, à savoir les circuits commerciaux actifs dans l’arrière-pays, aux alentours des villes portuaires. Des analyses microhistoriques de familles marchandes, de navires marchands et de privilèges commerciaux spécifiques mettent en lumière des liens jusqu’alors inconnus entre les différents acteurs économiques, ouvrant ainsi de nouvelles perspectives sur le développement du commerce à longue distance dans le sud de la France au Moyen Âge.

The book examines how the integration of local merchants in the south of France contributed to the commercial expansion of the cities of Marseille and Montpellier in the 12th and 13th centuries. The origin of the flourishing long-distance trade is not sought in the establishment of the Crusader states in the East, but instead is explored at its roots, the local trade cycles in the hinterland of the port cities. The book is built around micro-historical sketches about specific merchant families, merchant ships and trade privileges, thus revealing unknown connections and new perspectives. Mediterranean trade is described from the perspective of inland merchants, and trade with the Levant is seen from the perspective of Provençal and Catalan merchants who traded through foreign financial centres and under foreign flags. The book explores how the hinterland made the long-distance trade of Marseille and Montpellier possible in the first place by providing goods, capital and manpower.

Joachim Funke, Rainer M. Holm-Hadulla, Michael Wink (Eds.)

Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online, Bd. 6: Intelligenz – Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Anwendungen

In dem von Rainer Matthias Holm-Hadulla, Joachim Funke und Michael Wink herausgegebenen Band zum Thema „Intelligenz“ behandeln Wissenschaftler*innen aus verschiedenen Disziplinen — von Mathematik, Biologie, Medizin und Psychologie bis zur Kultur, Ökonomie und Politik — eine Vielzahl aktueller Themen und suchen nach interdisziplinären Lösungen.

Thomas Pfeiffer, Quincy C. Lobach, Tobias Rapp (Eds.)

Facilitating Cross-Border Family Life – Towards a Common European Understanding
EUFams II and Beyond

This volume constitutes the final study of EUFams II, a research project on European family and succession law funded by the European Commission. Its contributors present historical developments, discuss the status quo, and draw the lines along which European family and succession law may develop in the near future. The volume endeavors to inspire its readership and the scientific community at large to engage in further research along and across these lines.

Uwe Israel, Marius Kraus, Ludovica Sasso (Eds.)

Agonale Invektivität
Konstellationen und Dynamiken der Herabsetzung im italienischen und deutschen Humanismus

Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. Beihefte, Band 17

What does humanism mean, who is a humanist? Contemporaries clarified this not least through diatribes. Intellectuals who, since the middle of the fourteenth century, have regarded rhetoric as the most noble method of promoting virtue, searching for truth and knowledge of God, saw mutual personal degradation as the means of asserting their positions.

Jérôme Verdoot

Une clôture hermétique?
Isolement régulier et intérêts séculiers au monastère Saint-Pierre de Lobbes, VIIe–XIVe siècle

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 119

Au Moyen Âge, les abbayes bénédictines justifiaient leur existence par leur isolement, prétention affirmée à travers, notamment, le topos du locus desertus montrant des saints fondateurs d’abbayes s’installer loin de toute civilisation. Or, pour subsister, les abbayes devaient retirer des biens ou des services de la société englobante (oblats, nourriture, protection…) et, en échange, en fournir d’autres (soutien politique, hospitalité…). Les monastères médiévaux étaient donc profondément intégrés dans la société tout en prétendant en être isolés. Ce paradoxe de la vie monastique est souvent utilisé dans les Ordensforschungen, bien plus rarement pour l’étude d’institutions spécifiques. Le présent ouvrage a pour objectif de confronter ce cadre théorique à la réalité vécue par les moines de l’abbaye Saint-Pierre de Lobbes (Hainaut, Belgique), du viie siècle, date de sa fondation, jusqu’à la fin du xive.

 

In the Middle Ages, the very existence of Benedictine monasteries was based on their proclaimed isolation from the world, a tenet diametrically opposed to their means of subsistence. Indeed, in order to extract goods from society (oblates, food, protection…), abbeys had to provide tangible goods and services in exchange (political support, hospitality…); monasteries were deeply integrated into medieval society while claiming to be isolated from it. This paradox of monastic life is often referred to in the Ordenforschungen or study of the monastic orders, but it is rarely used when it comes to studying specific institutions. This book aims to test the validity of this theoretical framework against the reality as lived by the monks of the Abbey of St Peter of Lobbes (Hainault, Belgium), from its founding until the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries. In particular, it analyses the interactions between the abbey and its political and economic environment.

Anna Laiß

Universalistisches Ideal und koloniale Kontinuitäten
Die »harkis« in der Fünften Französischen Republik

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 120

En 1962, avec l’indépendance de l’Algérie, ce sont non seulement un million de colons européens mais aussi près de 85 000 »harkis« – des musulmans qui avaient soutenu l’armée française pendant la guerre, notamment en tant que soldats auxiliaires – qui quittent le pays pour la France. Les harkis arrivent-ils comme des »traîtres à la nation algérienne«, comme des »citoyens français à droits égaux«, et donc comme des rapatriés, ou bien doivent-ils être considérés comme des réfugiés? Anna Laiß analyse les controverses suscitées par les différents points de vue ainsi que la difficulté éprouvée par les harkis et leurs descendants à trouver leur place dans la République française. Elle souligne la tension entre l’idéal universaliste et les modes d’action et de pensée coloniaux, qui se reflètent dans les débats sur l’intégration et les mémoires coloniales, bien au-delà de la période de la décolonisation.

When Algeria gained independence in 1962, an estimated 1 million European settlers and roughly 85 000 so called »Harkis«, muslim Algerians that served as auxiliaries in the French Army, left Algeria en route to France. Were the »Harkis« received as »traitors of the Algerian nation«, as »French citizens with rights to repatriation« or were they seen simply as »refugees«? Anna Laiß provides insightful analysis into the controversial perceptions and portrayals that dominated the “Harkis« existence, and that of their descendents, in their search for a place in the French Republic. She reveals the areas of conflict and discord between the French ideals of republican universalism and the colonial mindset and behaviour, which are to be found in debates about integration and colonial memory, and which extend well beyond the period of decolonisation. 

Silke Leopold, Bärbel Pelker (Eds.)

Fürstliches Arkadien
Sommerresidenzen im 18. Jahrhundert

Schriften zur Südwestdeutschen Hofmusik, Vol. 5

In academic research, princely summer residences are regarded as places of longing, where rulers sought to realize their dream of an earthly paradise and escape the constraints of courtly ceremonial. Traditionally, this research has been based in history of art. What music was made in the summer residences, and how it might have differed from that of the main residence, has not yet been systematically studied. The conference made a contribution to this by examining the musical life at selected European summer residences of the eighteenth century and relating it to one another. The individual contributions present the respective situations of the cultivation of music at selected summer residences in the German-speaking countries as well as in Italy, Spain, England, Sweden and Russia.