Paul A. Neuendorf

„Daraus kündten auch die Graeci lärnen“
Die Bemühungen des Martin Crusius (1526–1607) um ein Luthertum der Griechen

In search of subsidies for the publishing of his Greek and Latin oeuvre, the Corona Anni, Professor Martin Crusius of Tübingen (1526-1607) pointed out in a letter to Johan Papius, court physician at Ansbach, that it might teach even the Greeks to preach the word of God truly. At this point in time, Crusius could look back on nearly thirty years in which he had exerted himself body and soul for the dissemination of the Lutheran teaching among the Greek-speaking Christians. His 'mission' had begun when his former student Stephan Gerlach had been chosen to travel from the university town in Württemberg to Constantinople as embassy preacher in 1573. Up until his death, Crusius pursued his project of establishing the essentials for a Greek Lutheranism and sending these – at times on adventurous paths – to their recipients.

Axel Dröber

Nation, Militär und Gesellschaft
Die französische Nationalgarde in Rennes, Lyon und Paris, 1814–1848

Pariser Historische Studien , Band 125

Issue de la Révolution, la garde nationale a durablement marqué l’opinion publique et les institutions françaises. Pour la monarchie, restaurée en 1814, elle était une force d’ordre indispensable et occupait une place centrale dans la représentation politique des Bourbons. En même temps, elle était devenue symbole de maturité politique et de distinction sociale. Elle conférait une identité bourgeoise et un certain statut social. Axel Dröber se penche sur l’histoire de la garde nationale de Rennes, de Lyon et de Paris sous la Restauration et la monarchie de Juillet. Il étudie les différentes formes d’organisation des citoyens armés et leurs relations avec l’administration et le gouvernement. L’accent est mis sur l’héritage de la Révolution française, qui a marqué la société jusque tard dans le xixe siècle et a eu une influence durable sur la discipline et l’obéissance au sein des troupes d’ordre du pays.

The National Guard, which emerged from the Revolution, left a lasting mark on French public life and institutions. For the monarchy restored in 1814, it was an indispensable upholder of order and occupied a central place in the Bourbons' external political representation. At the same time, it had become a sign of political maturity and social distinction. It conveyed bourgeois identity and social status, on which the following regime of Louis-Philippe was also built. Axel Dröber traces the history of the National Guard of Rennes, Lyon and Paris during the Restoration and the July Monarchy. He examines the organisational forms of the armed citizens and their relationship to the administration and government. The focus is on the legacy of the French Revolution, which shaped society well into the 19th century and had a lasting influence on discipline and obedience within the country's forces tasked with upholding order.

Annette C. Cremer (Ed.)

Glas in der Frühen Neuzeit
Herstellung, Verwendung, Bedeutung, Analyse, Bewahrung

Höfische Kultur interdisziplinär (HKI) – Schriften und Materialien des Rudolstädter Arbeitskreises zur Residenzkultur, Vol. 6

The production of glass was one of the high technologies of the early modern period. At a heat of around 1500 degrees, mixtures of sand, lime and vegetable, wood or potash were transformed into greenish, crystal-clear or colorful marvels in the glassworks of Europe. Its aesthetic and material properties-transparency, workability, and durability-made glass a coveted material that was still the preserve of the elite in the 16th century and did not become an affordable mass product until the second half of the 18th century.

The volume Glass in the Early Modern Period pursues an interdisciplinary approach. It takes its starting point in the conditions of glass production in early modern glassworks, the high consumption of resources, and the resulting social conflicts. The volume focuses on the various historical forms of use, glass as an object of collection, and its allegorical meaning in painting. At the same time, the volume deals with the analysis and preservation of glass objects from a scientific and conservation perspective and with the presentation of baroque glass from a museum perspective. In all of this, a close connection to the court culture of the European nobility is apparent, who acted as pioneers, patrons and, not least, buyers, users and collectors of the glass objects. In this way, many of the luxury objects have been preserved to this day.

Maciej Klimiuk (Ed.)

Semitic Dialects and Dialectology
Fieldwork—Community—Change

Characterised by the multiplicity and diversity of research and methodology, the European tradition of Semitic linguistics has always supported fieldwork and highly valued the data obtained in this way as it allows to create an interesting dynamic for linguistic studies itself. In the spirit of this tradition and to uphold it, the present book is a collection of articles based on data gathered primarily during field research expeditions. The volume is divided into two parts—Studies on various specific linguistic issues and Texts containing previously unpublished transcriptions of audio recordings in Arabic dialects, Maltese and Jibbali/Shehret.

Christian Schneider, Peter Schmidt, Jakub Šimek, Lisa Horstmann (Eds.)

Der "Welsche Gast" des Thomasin von Zerklaere
Neue Perspektiven auf eine alte Verhaltenslehre in Text und Bild

Cultural Heritage: Materiality—Text—Edition (KEMTE), Vol. 2

In 1215/1216, Thomasin von Zerklaere composed his Welscher Gast (“The Italian Guest”), the earliest comprehensive book of court etiquette written in German. Up until the Early Modern Age, the work was frequently copied and widely disseminated. Its uniqueness lies not least in the fact that it was, from early on, transmitted together with an extensive cycle of images. This volume brings together studies from Art History, Literary Studies and Musicology into the sources, the didactic concept, the transmission of images, and the reception of Thomasin’s poem as well as into how it might be employed in present-day German language and literature classes. It proposes to replace the author-centered approach to the Welscher Gast with an approach that consistently focuses on the history of its transmission.

Bernd Alt-Epping

Palliativmedizin
Das Heidelberger Skript für Studierende der Medizin

Lecture Notes

What is Palliative Medicine / Palliative Care? What stresses are patients and their relatives exposed to in incurable and advanced disease situations? How can appropriate comprehensive treatment and support be managed? How can a decision to limit or continue therapeutic measures at the end of life be justified?

This script is intended to provide medical students and all interested parties with an insight into the necessities and possibilities of comprehensive palliative medical support and to be of assistance for reference and preparation for the palliative medicine examinations in QB 13 and the state examination.

Andrea Fara (Ed.)

Italia ed Europa centro-orientale tra Medioevo ed Età moderna
Economia, Società, Cultura

Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 7

Definire i processi storici che caratterizzarono l’Europa centro-orientale in epoca medievale e moderna come deviazione o involuzione a partire dal modello e dai risultati dell’Europa occidentale, ovvero come palese arretratezza della prima rispetto alla seconda, appare riduttivo. Le più recenti indagini consentono di superare una visione dualistica delle sorti politiche, economiche e sociali delle due parti del Continente. Gli studi di carattere comparativo possono mettere in luce non solo le similitudini, ma anche le particolarità che definirono le relazioni politiche, economiche e sociali nell’Europa medievale e moderna. Questo volume ha l’obiettivo di presentare alcuni risultati delle più recenti ricerche, focalizzando l’attenzione su alcuni territori e i loro rapporti economici, sociali e culturali con la Penisola italiana, e di offrire nuovi spunti di riflessione.

 

It appears reductive to define the historical processes that characterised central and eastern Europe in medieval and modern times as a deviation or involution from the starting point of the western European model and outcomes, or as patent backwardness of the former compared to the latter. The most recent research moves beyond a dualistic view of the political, economic and social fortunes of the two parts of the continent. Comparative studies can highlight not only the similarities, but also the peculiarities that defined political, economic and social relations in medieval and modern Europe. This book presents recent research, focusing on several territories and their economic, social and cultural relations with the Italian Peninsula, and offers thought-provoking new insights.

Radmila Mladenova

The ‘White’ Mask and the ‘Gypsy’ Mask in Film

Interdisciplinary Studies in Antigypsyism – Book series initiated by the Research Centre on Antigypsyism, Band 3

The study ventures into a topic that has been so far largely neglected in film studies: the ‘gypsy’ phantasm on the big screen. It reconstructs the history of ‘gypsy’ representations in film since the birth of the medium providing a systematic film-theoretical analysis of their aesthetic and social functions. Based on a corpus of over 150 works from European and US cinema, it is shown that ‘gypsy’-themed feature films share the pattern of an ‘ethno-racial’ masquerade, irrespective of the place and time of their origin. The author thus expands the research, concentrated until now in the field of literature, with another art form, film, opening up new dimensions of (popular) cultural antigypsyism.

 

Thomas Schwitter

Erinnerung im Umbruch
Die Fortsetzung, Drucklegung und Ablösung der »Grandes chroniques de France« im 15. und frühen 16. Jahrhundert

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 124

À partir du xiiie siècle, les »Grandes chroniques de France«, pièce maîtresse de l’historiographie française, furent régulièrement augmentées et mises à jour. Au xve et au début du xvie siècle, le thème central de cette historiographie proche du pouvoir était la guerre civile entre Armagnacs et Bourguignons (1407–1435), et la guerre de Cent Ans, qui y était associée. Le développement historiographique était étroitement lié à la lutte de différentes parties pour la souveraineté de l’interprétation de ces conflits. Cette revendication est analysée ici pour la première fois dans un contexte où les »Grandes chroniques« ont, certes, été continuées en tant que récit historiographique, mais dans lequel, en même temps, de nouvelles œuvres d’inspiration humaniste les ont progressivement remplacées. L’étude reconstruit de nombreuses étapes de l’évolution des »Grandes chroniques« et traite également de textes créés dans leur environnement et qui n’ont guère été étudiés jusqu’à présent. Pour ce faire, manuscrits et ouvrages imprimés sont pris en compte de la même manière.

The study traces the development of historiography surrounding the rulers in France in the 15th and early 16th centuries. In the first two parts, the focus is on the continuation and printing of the “Grandes Chroniques” in the 15th century up to the replacement of this leading text by the new, humanistically influenced works of Robert Gaguin and Paulus Aemilius. Along the way, numerous stages of development are reconstructed. Moreover, many historiographical works that have hardly been studied so far but were influenced heavily by the “Grandes Chroniques” are also discussed. For a long time during that period, the main topic of French historiography was the French Civil War (1407–1435) and the associated conflict with the English kings. The struggle of various parties for interpretative sovereignty over those decades therefore had a decisive influence on the development of French historiography in the 15th and early 16th centuries, which will be examined in the third part.

Mateusz Fafinski, Jakob Riemenschneider (Eds.)

The Past Through Narratology
New Approaches to Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages

Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. Beihefte, Vol. 18

„The Past through Narratology“ proposes a fresh approach to various types of texts from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Starting from a broad definition of what a text can be – ranging from hagiographic narratives and maps to archaeological remains – this book proposes narrativity and narratology as frameworks for exploring sources and exchanging opinions. The various contributions in this volume investigate how late antique and early medieval authors and movements used narrative as a vehicle for their ideas and how they operated in literarised spaces. At the same time, this book also examines how we as researchers construct narratives about our periods of study.

Andreas Kruse, Eric Schmitt (Eds.)

... der Augenblick ist mein und nehm ich den in Acht
Daseinsthemen und Lebenskontexte alter Menschen

Themes of existence of elderly people are considered in the context of different : different social classes, different residential contexts, different degrees of independence are understood as central components of the differentiated life-worlds. It is shown how significant the subjectively experienced “task character of life” as well as the experience of being needed by others are for satisfaction and a sense of meaning. In addition, risk factors for life satisfaction are identified: these include, above all, isolation and a pronounced need for care. The experience of old people is not solely determined by vulnerability; it also speaks for mental growth and coping skills.

 

 

 

 

Roberto Fiorentini

Livio Odescalchi, nipote di papa Innocenzo XI
Interessi famigliari e strategie di ascesa nella stagione dell’antinepotismo

Marco Albertoni (Ed.)
Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe – Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie, Vol. 6

Livio Odescalchi (1652–1713), nipote di Innocenzo XI, pagò in gioventù il prezzo della politica antinepotista del pontefice, il quale scelse di negargli ogni incarico ufficiale. Negli stessi anni, Livio dovette oltretutto sottostare al controllo opprimente dello zio, suo tutore testamentario – una condizione infelice al punto che, nella cultura del tempo, la sua figura venne notoriamente associata a simbolo di sventura. Nonostante ciò, il giovane seppe gettare le basi per una strategia di ascesa economico-sociale che avrebbe dato i suoi frutti in seguito. Morto Innocenzo XI, ebbe inizio infatti un periodo di riscatto, costruito sull’accumulo di onorificenze e possedimenti, investimenti finanziari, committenze e commerci d’arte, mecenatismo, feste mondane e reti internazionali.

Il volume, frutto della tesi di dottorato di Roberto Fiorentini (Aprilia 1987–Washington 2019), prende in esame ambedue le fasi della vita di Livio Odescalchi, analizzandole alla luce di una notevole quantità di documenti d’archivio, una parte dei quali completamente inediti.

Livio Odescalchi (1652–1713), nephew of Innocent XI, paid the price in his youth for the pope’s anti-nepotism policy, who chose to deny him any official position. During the same period, Livio had to submit to the oppressive control of his uncle, his testamentary guardian – an unhappy situation that, at the time, caused him to be considered a symbol of misfortune. In spite of this, the young man was able to lay the foundations for a strategy of economic and social ascent that would later bear fruit. After the death of Innocent XI, a period of compensation began, built on the accumulation of honours and possessions, financial investments, commissions and art trades, patronage, social celebrations, and international networks.

This book, based on Roberto Fiorentini’s doctoral thesis (Aprilia 1987 – Washington 2019), examines both phases of Livio Odescalchi’s life, analysing them in the light of a considerable quantity of archival documents, some of which are completely unpublished.

Annette C. Cremer, Alexander Jendorff (Eds.)

Decorum und Mammon im Widerstreit?
Adeliges Wirtschaftshandeln zwischen Standesprofilen, Profitstreben und ökonomischer Notwendigkeit

Höfische Kultur interdisziplinär (HKI) – Schriften und Materialien des Rudolstädter Arbeitskreises zur Residenzkultur, Vol. 4

Entrepreneurial activity by nobles was highly debated in the European Early Modern period. Generally, it was considered socially inappropriate. Nevertheless, profit-oriented activities of the nobility were an economic necessity and an everyday matter. The volume traces this ambivalence, using European examples between 1600 and 1900 from various ranks of the nobility and different fields of economic activity. It shows that the involvement of the nobility in European economic processes should not be underestimated. The book opens up an underrepresented field of research for a more in-depth examination.

Frank Reuter, Daniela Gress, Radmila Mladenova (Eds.)

Visuelle Dimensionen des Antiziganismus

Interdisciplinary Studies in Antigypsyism – Book series initiated by the Research Centre on Antigypsyism, Vol. 2

Visual media have played a key role in the genesis of antigypsyism since the early modern period. This interdisciplinary anthology examines the central motifs and semantics of "Gypsy" images in various forms of representation such as literature, visual art, photography, postcards, opera, theatre, comics, film and computer games. Particular attention is paid to connecting lines and interrelationships. The contributions uncover the content-related, temporal, geographical and media-specific manifestations of one of the most powerful stereotypes in European cultural history. To this day, antigypsyist imaginations have a negative impact on the positioning of Sinti and Roma in European societies.

Marek Konopka, Angelika Wöllstein, Ekkehard Felder (Eds.)

Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen
Bd. 2: Determination, syntaktische Funktionen der Nominalphrase und Attribution

„Bausteine einer Korpusgrammatik des Deutschen“ (“Building blocks towards a corpus grammar of German”) is a new series presenting corpus linguistic studies conducted at the Leibniz Institute for the German Language in Mannheim (IDS). It aims to capture the diversity and variability of German grammar at a high resolution, and at the same time to ensure the study results are verifiable. This first issue contains an introduction to the series, and four texts designed as chapters of a new grammar: 1) main aspects of word formation, 2) the formation of adverbs, 3) strong vs. weak inflection in sequences of attributive adjectives and 4) the order of attributive adjectives. In addition, the issue provides access to an interactive database on attributive adjectives.

Djro Bilestone R. Kouamenan

Le roi, son favori et les barons
Légitimation et délégitimation du pouvoir royal en Angleterre et en France aux XIVe et XVe siècles

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 123

Dans la recherche, le rôle politique du favori et la nature de sa relation avec le roi ont souvent été obscurcis par le fait que, dans les discours du haut et du bas Moyen Âge, la proximité particulière avec le souverain était régulièrement exprimée dans le langage de l’amour et dans des gestes de proximité physique et d’intimité. Ainsi, l’impression est née que le roi, par inclination homosexuelle, accordait une influence excessive à son favori – aux dépens des barons, qui revendiquaient, eux aussi, une part du pouvoir.

Dans l’esprit d’une »histoire culturelle de la politique«, le présent ouvrage reconsidère la figure du favori, la rend compréhensible et tangible dans sa signification au-delà du cas individuel. Il met en évidence le caractère constructif des modèles modernes de perception du désir sexuel et souligne l’importance de l’inconduite sexuelle comme argument politique dans le discours médiéval.

 

At the end of the Western Middle Ages, the new notions of the legitimacy of royal power and its exercise were made more visible by the presence of royal favourites whose figure should be reconsidered. The present study links the reproach of sexual misconduct as a political argument in medieval discourse to medieval ideas about royalty and government, opening new perspectives of a cultural history of politics in the Later Middle Ages.

Isabelle Deflers

Von Preußen lernen?
Die preußische Monarchie im Spiegel französischer Reformdiskurse am Ende des Ancien Régime

Pariser Historische Studien , Vol. 122

La guerre de Sept Ans a été un désastre pour la renommée de la France. S’est alors engagée une discussion intensive sur des idées de réforme afin que soit restaurée la primauté de la monarchie française dans le système international des États et que le pays soit sauvé de la faillite. L’autopromotion de Frédéric II a suscité un intérêt particulièrement vif du public français pour la Prusse. Mais dans quelle mesure l’État prussien, perçu comme un modèle de réussite, pouvait-il servir de référence dans ce débat sur les réformes? Le livre nous montre par le biais de quels médiateurs et les moyens par lesquels le transfert de connaissances de la Prusse vers la France s’est opéré au cours des dernières décennies de l’Ancien Régime. Les limites de ce transfert y sont également expliquées, ainsi que la fonction que le renvoi à la Prusse a effectivement occupée au sein des discussions autoréférentielles sur la »régénération« de la monarchie française.

With the end of the Seven Years' War, a period of intensive search for reform ideas began in France an attempt to restore France's supremacy in the international state system and save the monarchy from bankruptcy. The particularly lively interest of the French public in Prussia raises the question of the extent to which Frederick II's state, which was regarded as successful, has served as a model in this reform debate. The book shows by which ways, carriers and means the transfer of knowledge from Prussia to France took place at the end of the Ancien Régime and what function the reference to Prussia actually assumed within self-referential French discussions.

Kurt Weissen

Marktstrategien der Kurienbanken
Die Geschäfte der Alberti, Medici und Spinelli in Deutschland (1400–1475)

With their branch networks and partners, the Florentine banks dominated  international monetary transactions of the 15th century. Thanks to their presence in the main commercial centres of the continent, the merchant bankers from Tuscany dominated the cashless processing of large transfers of money from all over Europe to the Roman Curia. Kurt Weissen examines how curia bankers, such as the Alberti and the Medici, connected Germany to this payment system via Bruges and Venice. He analyses the role played by the establishment of branches in Lübeck, Cologne, Basel and Constance and the importance of cooperation with German merchant companies.

Sebastian Fitzner

Ein Haus für Herkules
Das fürstliche Modellhaus der Residenzstadt Kassel – Architektur und Modellpraktiken im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert

Höfische Kultur interdisziplinär (HKI) – Schriften und Materialien des Rudolstädter Arbeitskreises zur Residenzkultur, Vol. 3

Dedicated to housing courtly architectural models, Landgrave Karl founded the so-called Modellhaus at the beginning of the 18th-century, an unusual  building which went on to become one of the most admired sights of its time. The collection included, most importantly, a monumental model of the most famous of all the Kassel artworks, namely the statue of Hercules overlooking the extensive Karlsberg gardens. Through recently discovered plans, files, and contemporary travel memoirs, this book retraces the story of this unique building and its collection which lasted almost a century, guiding us through Berlin, Saint Petersburg, and Paris, to reveal the continuing importance of models.

Philip Reich, Karolin Toledo Flores, Dirk Werle (Eds.)

Tradition und Traditionsverhalten
Literaturwissenschaftliche Zugänge und kulturhistorische Perspektiven

Cultural Heritage: Materiality—Text—Edition (KEMTE), Vol. 1

In Western cultural history, 'tradition' is one of the central concepts to describe processes of reception and their impact. Especially in literary studies, traditions are often claimed by stating, for example, that a particular text stands 'in the tradition' of another text. Nevertheless, coherent theoretical reflection is often lacking. This volume approaches the general question "What is tradition?" and the more specific question "How can one adequately speak about literary traditions?" by theorizing the premises of the concept and by discussing its theoretical capacity on the basis of case studies from various constellations throughout literary and cultural history.