Oliver Wilhelm , Ulrich Schroeders
- We began this chapter by briefly reviewing milestones of intelligence research and juxtaposed competing models of individual differences in intelligence.
- We described contemporary accepted models on the structure of intelligence in which fluid and crystallized intelligence are the most important factors.
- We argued for an extension of the use of the term intelligence to all tasks essentially reflecting individual differences in maximal cognitive effort.
- In the second section, we presented prototypical tasks for fluid and crystallized intelligence.
- We discussed a number of weaknesses in contemporary intelligence models and argued that - from a pragmatic viewpoint - the measurement of intelligence is still a success story.
- We discussed several efforts to improve intelligence, a class of interventions that should interest not only individuals but also society as a whole.