European Critical Film Culture. Italian and Western German Film Magazines in an International Context
Italian “Cinema Nuovo” (founded in 1952) and West German “Filmkritik” (founded in 1957) were influential, perhaps even the most important film magazines in their respective home countries after the Second World War. With their staunch support of Italian realist cinema and their attacks on the Christian Democrats’ film politics and the illiberal political culture in Italy, “Cinema Nuovo” authors had early on become members of a transnational, mostly European network of critical film press, film historians, and film theorists. They also served as a role model for the younger “Filmkritik” authors, who adapted Italian critical realism to the devastated German film culture after 1945. Slowly, “Filmkritik” also grew into the transnational network of critical film culture. The latter worked by exchanging articles and letters, and by regular encounters at larger and smaller film festivals, also in Eastern Europe.