How to Cite

Basukala, Bijay, Gutschow, Niels and Sharma, Nutandhar: Patan-Vãbāhā: History and Inventory of a Newar Buddhist Monastery, Heidelberg: Heidelberg University Publishing, 2022 (Documenta Nepalica: Book Series, Volume 5).


ISBN 978-3-96822-190-8 (PDF)



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License 4.0
(CC BY-SA 4.0)


Bijay Basukala, Niels Gutschow, Nutandhar Sharma

Patan-Vãbāhā: History and Inventory of a Newar Buddhist Monastery

This volume presents the religious, architectural, and textual background of Vãbāhā, one of the 16 main monasteries of Patan, located in one of the three royal cities of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The history of the Buddhist monastic courtyard and its objects is presented along with 42 inscriptions, dating from 1596 CE to 2021.


Bijay Basukala is an artist from Bhaktapur, engaged in the documentation of the architectural heritage of the Newars. He documented three of the monastery’s four caityas in 2021 with measured drawings.

Niels Gutschow is an architectural historian from Heidelberg University in Germany who has been working in Nepal since 1970. In 1993, he was in charge of the restoration of the shrine building of Vãbāhā and initiated the dismantling and re-erection of the monastery’s Licchavicaitya.

Nutandhar Sharma is a cultural historian from Patan, who documented the re-erection of the Licchavicaitya in 1993 and compiled the transliteration and synopses of 42 inscriptions in 2021.




Table of Contents
History of Patan and the emergence and development of monastic courtyards
Part I: Stūpas / Caityas The Rebuilding of the Licchavicaitya
Part II: The Monastic Community (saṅgha)
Part III: Rituals and Offerings
Part IV: Inscriptions