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Generation Conflicts and the Crisis of the Late Roman Republic. Remarks on Sallustius and Cicero
Abstract This short paper takes its starting point from modern theoretical discussions of ‘generations’ (age groups or historical cohorts mainly based on common experiences?). After a brief overview of modern scholarship regarding the late Roman Republic (the leading question is: can the crisis of the late Roman Republic from 133 to 44 BC be regarded as a manifestation of generational conflicts?) we will look for evidence of generational consciousness, generational attributions and generational selfconcepts (especially of the elderly) in late Republican literature. The second part of the paper will concentrate on texts and letters of Sallustius and Cicero and on the question whether and – if applicable – to what extent the crisis of the late Roman Republic can be understood as being the result of generationbased conflicts and diverging generational interests.