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Aristotle’s Reflections on Old Age
Abstract Old age in Aristotle’s view is a ‘natural illness’, that is to say a nonpathological condition through which human beings gradually but inexorably lose their vital powers. In such a process, body and soul are jointly involved: as the cognate vital heat slowly decreases and extinguishes in the body, so the mental faculties correspondingly weaken and decline. Based on these premises, the analysis shows if and in what terms the above ‘uneasy’ psychophysiological condition affects elderly people in their moral habits and behaviours, influencing their social life and conditioning the possibility for them to exercise functions in the institutional apparatus of the polis.