The Journal of Transcultural Studies 2019-10-14T12:49:31+02:00 Russell Ó Ríagaín Open Journal Systems <p><em>The Journal of Transcultural Studies </em>is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal committed to promoting the knowledge and research of transculturality in all disciplines. It is published by the Cluster of Excellence “Asia and Europe in a Global Context: The Dynamics of Transculturality” of the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg.</p> Cover 2019/1 2019-09-11T15:17:30+02:00 Anna Larsson 2019-09-10T15:38:59+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Larsson Issue 2019/1 2019-09-11T15:17:30+02:00 Monica Juneja Joachim Kurtz 2019-09-10T15:27:13+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Larsson "This charnel house of historic memories": Salonica as Site of Transcultural Memory in the Published Writings of Cecil Roth 2019-09-11T15:17:32+02:00 Jay Prosser <p>Following his visit to Salonica in 1946 Cecil Roth became the first historian to engage with the significance of the Holocaust in Salonica.&nbsp; This essay analyses Roth’s published writings on Salonica to examine how they radically revise our understanding of Holocaust memory. Roth identifies Holocaust memory at an extraordinarily early moment.&nbsp; By paralleling the Holocaust and the Spanish Inquisition, Roth depicts Holocaust memory as transhistorical.&nbsp; Most transformatively Roth reveals the transcultural memories of Sephardi Jews as an object for Nazi destruction in the Holocaust.&nbsp; Roth’s Salonica writings underline the importance of Jewish Salonica as a site of transcultural memory.&nbsp; Focusing on these writings, my essay recovers Roth as a valuable source for contemporary memory, transcultural and Jewish studies.</p> 2019-08-21T11:58:04+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jay Prosser Conceptualizing Sorrow and Hope 2019-09-11T15:17:33+02:00 Joy Nam Hye Lim <p>During a period of political turmoil and rapid industrialization in postwar South Korea, a discourse dealing with suffering emerged centered on an emotion concept called <em>han.</em> South Korean writers, scholars, and artists have described <em>han </em>for decades as a collective, accumulated feeling of unresolved pain and resentment that runs in the blood of Koreans, and as a sociocultural feature that is untranslatable and unique to Koreans. This emotion concept has been at the root of essentialist as well as critical understandings of what constitutes Korean culture and identity and has been the focus of many works in fields ranging from folk studies and literary analysis to theology and psychiatry. With the rise of <em>minjung </em>(“the people”) movement in the 1970s, <em>han </em>developed not only as an object of ideological theories but also as the subject of a discourse intent on articulating grievance and hope, as a concept both reflecting and shaping perceptions of past, present, and future.</p> <p>The purpose of this article is to gain insight into the layers of meaning that have been attributed to <em>han </em>by prominent figures of the South Korean <em>minjung </em>movement of the 1970s and 1980s—particularly poet Ko Ŭn and sociologists Han Wansang and Kim Sŏnggi—and to assess the significance of a discourse of suffering in a particular historical moment through the analysis of two texts from a 1988 monograph collection titled <em>The Story of Han.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-08-21T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Joy Nam Hye Lim Learning from Crisis? On the Transcultural Approach to Curating documenta 14 2019-10-14T12:49:31+02:00 Barbara Lutz <p>With the guiding principle “Learning from Athens” the 14th edition of <em>documenta</em> in 2017 was presented in the form of two nearly simultaneous, separate and at the same time related exhibitions in two historically very different and rather distant cities, Kassel and Athens, respectively in two different countries, Germany in the middle of Europe and Greece on the outskirts of Europe.<br>With this curatorial approach Artistic Director Adam Szymczyk obviously goes against the principles of the venerable art institution, which was founded in 1955 by artist and art educator Arnold Bode in Kassel and, since then, is implemented as a periodical exhibition with a 100-day duration at its venue in Kassel. Moreover, Szymczyk disengages <em>documenta</em> from its well-established position as a hosting institution that traditionally invites artists and cultural creators from all over the world to Kassel, and assigns it a new role as guest with the aim to manifest “the dissolution of barriers separating those who lack the simplest means from those who are usually all-too-willing to give them lessons but seldom a hand”, as he articulated in his concept in 2013.</p> <p>In this paper, I will investigate how the curatorial concept of <em>documenta 14</em> challenges not only the institutional history, structure and status of <em>documenta</em> but also how it resumes and transforms documenta’s initial understanding of an ethics of cultural connectivity in times of crisis and traumatic historical ruptures for today. From a transcultural perspective, I will critically examine, how far the curatorially initiated “terms of invitation” and “forms of collaboration” for the exhibition between Kassel and Athens can be acknowledged as a shared cultural practice within an open process that goes beyond the simple logic of oppositions between North and South, or the West and ‘the Rest’, binaries of exclusion and inclusion, or any essentializing and reducing criteria of national identity. According to this, I will also discuss how <em>documenta 14</em>’s claim “Learning from Athens” addresses and implements fundamental ideas of critical art education, which are strongly related to democratic conditions of participation and the legitimacy to produce knowledge and meaning in a globally interconnected and increasingly unpredictable world.</p> 2019-08-21T11:59:54+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Barbara Lutz Jesuit Missionary Societies as the “Itinerant” Academies of Catholic Orientalism in Sixteenth- to Eighteenth-Century India 2019-09-11T15:17:32+02:00 Dhruv Raina <p>The last three decades have seen a resurgence of scholarship on the Jesuit sciences, with the intention of indexing their contribution to either the rise of modern science or its expansion.&nbsp; This preoccupation is consistent with the current focus on the production of knowledge and its context. Attention has been devoted, for example, to the Mathematical Academy of the Collegio Romano. In this paper I turn away from the academies in Europe to Jesuit scholarly production of the sciences of and in South Asia. This neglected field of inquiry is approached through the study of `itinerant’ Jesuit networks of the seventeenth and eighteenth century, that could be reconceptualised as an itinerant academy in the style of the seventeenth-century learned societies and academies. The informal members of this so constituted itinerant academy were involved in the cultural production of knowledge about South Asia that had no small role in stimulating what Raymond Schwab termed <em>la renaissance orientale</em> – prefiguring the rise of ‘Orientalism.’ These discourses evolve later into ‘indianisme’ or Indology, while strains within them rhizomatically connect up with the field sciences. The paper explores this diverse and rich field of scholarly production within a fixed geography but non-localisable institutional space that for convenience is labelled the itinerant academy, and is a variant of the family of academies that emerged in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.</p> 2019-08-21T11:40:57+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Dhruv Raina Transcultural Field Notes 2019-09-11T15:17:31+02:00 Sophie Florence <p>This paper is a response to the white supremacist attack in Aotearoa, New Zealand, which was based on an obscenely flawed misunderstanding of Aotearoa’s history, and is linked to a global trend of violent online white supremacist groups. Such groups and their violent acts are extremist articulations of the mainstream discourse surrounding immigration and race, as seen in populist political campaigns, as well as in academic and popular works. This hateful and fear driven rhetoric, I argue, must be addressed by the academy. This paper is thus intended as a call for greater outreach from Transcultural Studies, as the findings of Transcultural Studies are powerful antidotes to the resurgence of xenophobic misinformation and propaganda. Finally, this paper outlines the new student led group, Heidelberg Talks, which aims to apply the methods of Transcultural Studies in order to create a facilitated space in which to address such misinformation before it can be manipulated by hate-fuelled interest groups. &nbsp;</p> 2019-08-21T12:14:30+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sophie Florence