Rajan Khatiwoda, Simon Cubelic and Axel Michaels
The Mulukī Ain of 1854
Nepal’s First Legal CodeDocumenta Nepalica – Book Series
The Mulukī Ain of 1854—the law code with constitutional features drafted at the initiative of Prime Minister Jaṅga Bahādura Rāṇā—is the foundational legal text for modern Nepal. It covers almost every aspect of public, criminal, private and religious law, ranging from the organisation of the state and courts to murder and other delicts, the workings of the caste system and the joint family, matters of purity and penance, customary law, widow-burning and witchcraft. As such, the Mulukī Ain is a unique source not only for the political, social and economic life of 19th-century Nepal, but also for the place of traditional Hindu jurisprudence in South Asian legal cultures.
Rajan Khatiwoda is chief coordinator at the Nepal Heritage Documentation Project at Heidelberg University, Simon Cubelic is research fellow at the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Axel Michaels is Senior Professor of Indology at Heidelberg University. Their research focuses on the intellectual history of legal and political thought in Sanskrit and Nepālī, especially in the 18th and 19th centuries.