The Weizmann House
Staging the Nation-Building Process of Israel
Abstract In 1934, Chaim Weizmann, the President of the Zionist Organization and later first President of Israel, commissioned Erich Mendelsohn (1887‒1953) to build his residence on a hilltop in Rehovot, a small-town southeast of Tel Aviv. The Weizmann House served not only as a private home, but also as a stage for formal and social gatherings and has now found its place in the nation’s history. Erich Mendelsohn, a German-Jewish architect, strove for an architectural language adapted to the specific environment, combining local building traditions with the paradigms of modern Western architecture. Mendelsohn’s design for the Weizmann House illustrates most clearly his proposition of an East-West synthesis.
Keywords Architecture, 20th century, Nation building, Cultural transfer, Israel