Films tell stories - and they tell of the social and political circumstances of their creation. This can be seen particularly well in the German and Italian postwar films studied by the international group of authors of the new volume of the Online-Schriften des DHI Rom. Neue Reihe| Pubblicazioni online del DHI Roma. Nuova serie. How do the filmmakers process the Fascist and the National Socialist past? How do they portray the other?