Language institutions and language criticism

Language institutions, such as the Accademia della Crusca or the Académie française, have promoted language-cultivating, language-standardizing and language-critical debate to varying degrees in individual languages. The fourth volume of the Handbook of Language Criticism offers a comparative presentation of how – in the cases of the national languages mentioned here – state legitimated institutions or institutions not commissioned by the state dedicate themselves to the task of language cultivation.